I discovered a new group of records on Ancestry.com that has tax records for NY State. “New York, Tax Assessment Rolls of Real and Personal Estates, 1799-1804” contains records for most of NY State except New York City (Manhattan). The records have the person’s name, value of real estate, value of personal property and tax to be paid. Some records have a description of the real estate like “house,” “farm,” “barn,” “mill,” etc. As I have many ancestors that lived in New York State in his time, I found close to 25 ancestors listed in these tax records. In a couple of cases , there was two generations listed of the family. It helped to indicate the family residence and the value of their farm.
The page, below, is from 1801 for the Town of Northampton, Ontario County. At that time, that town consisted of all the land west of the Genesee River except for what is now Steuben County. Duncan, Daniel and John Anderson each had property valued at $100 and had to pay 11 cents tax for the year 1801. William Barber only had personal property worth $36. His tax for that year was only 4 cents.
If you subscribe to Ancestry.com you can use this direct link to search the tax records. If you don’t subscribe to Ancestry.com you still can get free access to these tax records. You would need to start on this webpage from NY State Archives. Then enter any NY State zip code in the box provided and click on “submit.” This will take you to a special web page just for NY State records. Scroll down on the “included data collections” until you see “New York, Tax Assessment Rolls of Real and Personal Estates, 1799-1804” and click on that. Then you can search for your NY State ancestors for free and see who you can find.