Old News – Auto Identification

Do you know your kind of old cars? After reading this article you will be able to better identify what style a cars is.


Thursday, April 19, 1917


One of the objects of the standardization work now being carried on by the Society of Automobile Engineers is the establishment within the motor-car field of a precise and complete language.

There are many advantages in having uniform names of car parts. The automobile user finds it much easier to make replacements. Than manufacturer benefits for the same reasons. The entire industry will welcome any list of names that will remedy the present condition, in which makers use different terminologies.

A striking exception to popular usage is the name “engine,” which is recommended rather than “motor,” to avoid confusion with electric motors used for starting the engine installed on the automobile. Definitions have been included for axles, brakes and bodies for which usage varies. The names and description of bodies as adopted by the society are:

Roadster – An open car seating two or three. A fourth seat facing backward is sometimes added.

Convertible coupe – A roadster provided with a detachable coupe top.

Clover leaf – An open car seating three or for. The rear seat is close to the divided front seat and entrance is only through doors in front of the front seat.

Touring car – An open car seating four or more with direct entrance to tonneau.

Salon touring car – A touring car with passage between front seats, with or without separate entrance to front seats.

Sedan – A closed car seating four or more all in one compartment.

Convertible sedan – A salon touring car provided with a detachable sedan top.

Open sedan – A sedan so constructed that the sides can be removed or stowed so as to use the space entirely clear from the glass front to the back.

Limousine – A closed car seating three to five inside, with driver’s seat outside, but all covered with a roof.

Open limousine – A touring car with permanent standing top and disappearing or removable glass sides.

Berline – A limousine having the driver’s seat entirely inclosed.

Brougham – A limousine with no roof over the driver’s seat.

Landaulet – A closed car with folding top, seats for three or more inside and the driver’s seat outside.